The Route of The Caliphate

  • Visit to the Great Mosque of Cordoba.

On this you will see two of the great works of art and architecture of Al-Andalus: the great Mosque of Cordoba and the Alhambra palace in Granada. Both are UNESCO World Heritage sites and the best examples of the cultural splendour of Moorish Spain. We will show you the extent of the area that was under the Caliphate of Cordoba.

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The Route of The Caliphate

Itinerary 1: Cordoba: first section

This route starts in the city of Cordoba. You can follow two different paths that meet in the town of Alcalá la Real, from where you go on to Granada.
  • Cordoba. It historic quarter, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the perfect place to start. Before starting out on the route, visit its beautiful Mosque and the city's surrounding areas, where you will find the Medina Azahara archaeological site.  

The Route of The Caliphate

Itinerary 2

  • Espejo and Castro del Río. A good place to stop and see these two towns' fortresses and walls.
  • Baena. Highlights are its castle and old town, where you will notice a clear Arab influence.
  • Zuheros. A picturesque village, dominated by its castle perched on a pinnacle of rock.
  • Luque. Here there is another fortification, which was rebuilt by the Nasrids.
  • Alcaudete and Castillo de Locubín. In this last town, you can see the remains of the ancient Las Águilas Castle, and in Alcaudete you can see a defensive enclosure.

The Route of The Caliphate

Itinerary 3

  • Fernán-Nuñez. Two places not to be missed here are the Royal Palace, with its classical air, and Santa María Church.
  • Montemayor. There is a large fortress inside the town and in the surrounding area, you can see the ruins of Dos Hermanas Castle.
  • Montilla. Known for its wine and its Wine Harvest Festival.
  • Aguilar de la Frontera. You can see vestiges of its Arab past in the Peñón del Moro rocky outcrop.
  • Lucena. In the centre, you will find Torre del Moral tower, where the Nasrid king Boabdil was kept prisoner.
  • Cabra. It is worth stopping in this town to see the fortress and its church with 44 red marble columns.
  • Priego de Córdoba. Its castle, the Vilña neighbourhood and the nearby watchtowers are all reminders of its Muslim past.

The Route of The Caliphate

Itinerary 4: Granada: final section

  • Alcalá la Real. Its historic quarter, with the fortress of La Mota, marks the final part of this route.
  • Colomera and Moclín. Their walled areas and the castle are worth seeing.
  • Pinos Puente, Güevéjar and Cogollos de la Vega. Here you can visit the Arab baths.
  • Granada. The majestic Alhambra marks the end of this route.

pintando vars:

The Route of The Caliphate

Practical information

Total distance:
The route comes to 180 kilometres in all, so it’s best way to do it by car. What's more, the distances between the points are short and in no case over 35 kilometres.

How to complete the route:
By car

Best time of year:
All year round

Tips and interesting facts:
Along the route, you will enjoy the beautiful scenery of the Sierras Subbéticas and Sierra de Huétor mountains.